Military History Society

Die Suid-Afrikaanse Krygshistoriese Vereniging

Vol 2 No 3 - June 1972

It may interest readers to learn that in the Ronnie Hunt medal collection, on permanent loan to the S.A. National War Museum, is a Queen's South Africa Medal with ten bars.

As stated by Mr. K. R. Gibbs in the previous article, "Bars and Medals" and also according to several authorities on the subject the maximum number of bars to any one medal is nine (army) and eight (navy).

The medal in the Ronnie Hunt collection includes the two date bars, "South Africa 1901" and "South Africa 1902" which are normally found on the King's S.A. Medal but which sometimes appear on the Queen's S.A. Medal when the recipient was ineligible for the King's S.A. Medal but who had, however, qualified for the bars. To qualify for the King's S.A. Medal one had to be serving in South Africa on or after 1st January, 1902 and complete eighteen months service before 1st June, 1902. Those who had not completed eighteen months service but who had served at the 'front' between 1st January, 1901 and 31st December, 1901 were awarded the bar "South Africa 1901" with the Queen's S.A. Medal. Likewise those who served at the 'front' between 1st January, 1902 and 31st May, 1902 but who had not completed eighteen months service were awarded the bar, "South Africa 1902" with the Queen's S.A. Medal. Where awards were made in terms of the foregoing the Queen's S.A. Medal would have one or both the date bars but normally would not have bars for individual actions for, with the exception of the bars "Cape Colony","Orange Free State" and "Transvaal", the recipient would have had to serve prior to 1st January, 1901 to have qualified for any of the other bars and this would have given him more than 18 months service, thus qualifying him for the King's S.A. Medal.

It is only natural, therefore, that the authenticity of the two date bars on the medal at the Museum is often queried. Bars are often taken off the King's Medal and added to the Queen's Medal. The Queen's Medal has also been popular among fakers and many odd and often impossible combinations of bars are to be found but a close scrutiny usually reveals a fake. A very close examination of the medal at the Museum gives one the impression that it is normal in every way and that it has not been tampered with.

Twenty-one of the 26 bars issued for the South African War 1899-1902, were issued for actions fought up to 27th August, 1900. The medal in question, inscribed "Tpr. M. Wilson, Damant's Horse" has eight of these bars (excluding the two date bars). They are, Belmont, Modder River, Relief of Kimberley, Paardeberg, Driefontein, Johannesburg, Diamond Hill and Wittebergen. These bars cover actions fought between 23rd November, 1899 and 29th July, 1900 -- a period of eight-and-a-half months. Tpr. Wilson, it is assumed, then broke his service and only joined again late in 1901. On 31st May, 1902 he had not completed eighteen months service, despite his creditable number of actions in 1899 and 1900, and qualified for both the "South Africa 1901" and "South Africa 1902" bars on his Queen's S.A. Medal.

Dr. F. K. Mitchell, JCD, Honorary Curator of the Medals and Numismatics
department at the Museum has provided the following information on this
medal but has added a note:

"I'm sure this information will interest you but it doesn't quite dot the i's of the Museum's Queen's S.A. Medal with 10 bars. A perusal of the medal rolls at the Public Records Office, London (W.O. 100/244), revealed that the following officers and men of Damant's Horse, all of whom were previously members of Rimington's Guides (sometimes known as Rimington's Tigers from the leopard skin hatbands worn on their slouch hats), were entitled to the Queen's South Africa Medal with eight or nine bars.

The following are the bars concerned:

**Usual eight:**

Belmont

Modder River

Relief of Kimberley

Paardeberg

Driefontein

Johannesburg

Diamond Hill

Wittebergen (Replaced by "Belfast" in the two cases indicated).

South Africa 1901 (in the twenty-nine cases indicated.)

South Africa 1902 (in the case of Sgt. Berry only.)

**Medal Roll:**

R.S.M. | Armstrong, A.W. | Usual 8 bars |

Lt. Col. | Rimington, M.F. | Usual 8 bars (6 Innisk. D.G.) |

Major | Rankin, C.W. | Usual 8 bars 7H |

Capt | Gale, Hy | Usual 8 bars |

Surgeon | March-Phillips, L | Usual 8 bars |

Lieut. | Bennett, E. Geoffrey | Usual 8 Bars |

Lieut. | Drake, Wm. B | Usual 8 bars |

Lieut. | Harvey, Thos. W. P. | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01: Died of wounds 1.3.01 |

Lieut. | Vaughan, A. O. | Usual 8 bars |

Lieut. | Vice, Arthur | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01. |

Cpl. | Huderson, Wm | Usual 8 bars |

Sgt. | Berry, J. A. | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '02. |

Tpr. | Bettlinger, C. Hy | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Boden, Wm. Reginald | Usual 8 bars |

Pte. | Brotherton, Geo. | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01 (Gorringe's Flyg. Col.) |

Cpl. | Burn, C. Seton | Usual 8 bars |

Cpl. | Burton, Fdk. | Usual 8 bars |

Conductor | Camp, Hy. J. | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01 |

Tpr. | Carlisle, John | Usual 8 bars |

Sgt. | Clements J. J. (VC) | Usual 8 bars plus K.S.A. and 2 bars Coronation Contgt. |

Tpr. | D'Arcy, J. W. | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01 |

Sgt. | Davis, Isaac Hy. | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Dewden, Arthur | Usual 8 bars |

SQMS. | De Landre, V. R. | Usual 8 bars (Coronation Contgt.) |

SM. | De Laporte | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Dismore | Usual 8 bars |

Cpl. | Dodd, H. E. | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01 |

Sgt. | Dodge, J. H. | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01 |

Tpr. | Dormer, A. E. | Usual 8 bars |

Sgt. | Dowdle P. Morgan | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Duke, Thos | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01 |

Cpl. | Edy, H. John | Usual 8 bars |

Cpl. | Eton, Chas. | Usual 8 bars plus K.S.A. |

Tpr. | Evans, Wm. | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01 |

Sgt. | Frielick, Soln. | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Gamble, Thos. | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Garratt, Geo. | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Glanville, W. H. | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Gordon, Hugh | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01 |

Tpr. | Grant, G. W. | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01 |

Tpr. | Green, John | Usual 8 bars |

Cpl. | Gumley, Algernon | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Hannaford, J.N. | Usual 8 bars |

Sgt. | Heberden, H.V. | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01 |

Tpr. | Helps, Percy | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01 |

Tpr. | Helps, C. E. Hale | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Herschell, Allan | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01 |

Tpr. | Hicks, Wallace | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01 |

Tpr. | Inman, G. D. | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01 |

Cpl. | Isacke, N. N. | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Jackson, J. C. | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Jenking, W. R. | Usual 8 bars (Died of wounds 8.7.00) |

Sgt. | Kirkman, W. R. | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Kruger, C. | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Lane, James | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01 |

Tpr. | Lofts, C. Temple | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Love, F. G. | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Lucas, P. W. | Usual 8 bars but "Belfast" in place of "Wittebergen" (also K.S.A.) |

Tpr. | Ludlow, R. V. | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Macdonald, David | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01 |

Cpl. | MacLachlan, Lewis | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | McWilliam, N. | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Mack, Robert | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01 |

S.Q.M.S. | May, Fredk. | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Milue, J. S. D. | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Mullins, Steve | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01 |

Tpr. | Mullins, Patrick | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Murchie, A. (D.C.M.) | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Murnison, L. | Usual 8 bars |

Sgt. | Newton, J. H. (D.C.M.) | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Nolan, P. C. | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Norval, J. E. | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01 |

Cpl. | Patten, E. | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01 |

Rectg. Cpl. | Poole, P. Gower | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01 |

Tpr. | Prosser, E. | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01 |

Sgt. | Rawstorne, J. G. | Usual 8 bars |

Sgt. | Remington, Wm. | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01 |

Tpr. | Sangster, A. G. | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01 |

Cpl. | Smith, F. W. B. | Usual 8 bars |

Cpl. | Somerset, W. G. | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Soundy, R. H. | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Springhill, C. J. | Usual 8 bars (Died) |

Tpr. | Spurr, W. H. | Usual 8 bars |

Sgt. | Stewart, Wm. | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01 |

Sgt. | Stewart, R. B. | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Taylor, Fred | Usual 8 bars |

S.S.S. | Thesen, H. O. | Usual 8 bars but "Belfast" in place of "Wittebergen" |

Tpr. | Thistlewhite | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01 |

Tpr. | Thompson, Jas. | Usual 8 bars plus S.A. '01 |

S.Q.M.S. | Townsend, S. R. | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Van Wyk, H.J. | Usual 8 bars and K.S.A. |

Pay Sgt. | Walker, F. L. | Usual 8 bars |

Intell. Guide | Weakley, F. A. | Usual 8 bars |

Cpl. | Webb, H. S. | Usual 8 bars |

Sgt. | Webber, B. J. | Usual 8 bars killed 25.11.00 |

Tpr. | Whelan, John P. | Usual 8 bars |

Cpl. | Wiener, Leopold | Usual 8 bars |

Tpr. | Wilson, Moses | Usual 8 bars " |

It is interesting to note that the two date bars are not shown against Wilson's name. There are, however, 29 medals with 8 bars all of which include the "S.A. 1901" bar and one only with 8 bars and the "S.A. 1902" bar. It is well known that the medal rolls are not always accurate and often have omissions. It is possible that Wilson's subsequent service was with a unit other than Damant's Horse which might account for the fact that the Medal Roll of Damant's Horse does not show these two bars.

EDITOR'S NOTE: It would be interesting if readers could throw new light on this very interesting medal.

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