The South African
Military History Society

Die Suid-Afrikaanse Krygshistoriese Vereniging

Military History Journal
Vol 1 No 4 - June 1969

From Playing Field to Parade Ground
The Record of King Edward VII School, Johannesburg


Cadets, as a school activity, came to King Edward VII School in 1905, some three years after the foundation of the school. The Cadet Movement had only been thought of in 1904 and was the brainchild of Col. R. P. Macdonald, DSO, who became Staff Officer and Commandant, Transvaal Cadets of the Transvaal Volunteers.

Exactly what degree of influence cadets have had on King Edward VII School, cannot be expressed in precise mathematical terms; yet their influence has been great. It still is.

The spirit and tradition of the particular cadet training which pupils received while they attended this school, helped to make the contribution of Old Edwardians fighting for their country, one which is out of all proportion to their numbers. Let facts and figures speak for themselves. When the Great War broke out in 1914, the school was still very young, only twelve years old. Yet 474 Old Edwardians are known to have gone on active service. Of these 66 did not return and 45 were decorated. The decorations included:
OBE -- l; DSO -- 5; DFC -- 6 (and 1 bar); DSC -- l; MC -- 25 (and 1 bar); MM -- 3; French Croix de Guerre -- 1; Belgian Croix de Guerre -- 3; Italian Military Cross -- 1; Italian Naval Medal -- 1. One of those to receive the award of the Distinguished Service Order was Lieut. G. R. McCubbin, of the Royal Flying Corps, who was responsible for bringing down the famous German air ace, Immelmann.

During the Second World War, over two thousand Old Edwardians and masters were in the fighting forces: 178 made the supreme sacrifice. The list of over 100 decorations included: CBE -- 2; OBE -- 10; MBE -- 14; DSO -- 9; DSC -- 2; MC -- 17; DFC -- 37 (and 4 bars); AFC -- 3; DCM -- 1; George Medal -- 1; DSM -- 1; MM -- 4; DFM -- 3; Bronze Star (U.S.A.) -- 2; DFC (U.S.A.) -- 1; French Croix de Guerre -- 1. These achievements of the School were honoured by a special broadcast by the B.B.C., when it was said that the Roll of Honour of King Edward VII School, for the Second World War, was the highest in the Commonwealth for one school.

Neither does the story end there. At present, former pupils of this school still hold responsible positions in the South African Defence Force. Major-General G. T. Moll, SM, DSO, is the Republic's Air Adviser to the Chairman of the Defence Production Board. Brigadier J. N. Robbs, SM, DFC, is O.C. Tactical Group and Colonel J. H. Eccles is Head of the S.A. Air Force College. In 1956, Comdt. S. J. W. Inglesby, at present Staff Officer Flight Safety at Air Force Headquarters, became the first pilot to go through the sound barrier over South African soil. Until the 8th Field Regiment S.A.A. was absorbed into another unit, Col. F. W. Stegmann was their Hon. Col. The present Hon. Comdt. of the Transvaal Scottish, Comdt. I. Mackenzie, DSO; the Hon. Col. of the Kaffrarian Rifles, Col. L. H. Bailie, MC (and Bar) and Col. C. Metcalfe, ED, Hon. Col. of the Durban Light Infantry, are also former pupils of King Edward's.

The close links that have always existed between the Transvaal Scottish and the School Cadet Detachment have played their part in forging a worthwhile tradition and giving the Detachment standing in the eyes of observers. Parent regiment and affiliated cadet detachment have grown up together. The long association began in 1906 when Sgt.-Maj. Donald Macleod, DCM, of the Transvaal Scottish Volunteers, was Cadet Instructor. He later became Lieut-Col. D. M. Macleod, DSO, MC, DCM, who commanded the 4th S.A.I. (S.A. Scottish) through Delville Wood and after the war took command of the Transvaal Scottish.
In 1920, the Detachment was officially allied to the Transvaal Scottish. On 5th May, 1920, Lieut.-Col. Macleod inspected the Detachment and explained its relation to the parent Regiment. He presented cadets with the unit flash (diamond-shaped, divided vertically into two white and red halves, worn on the upper arm). Lieut.-Col. Macleod pointed out that cadets who wore the flash were under obligation to maintain the traditions of the Transvaal Scottish and further to join that Regiment on leaving school. Since then, six ex-pupils have commanded battalions of the Regiment.

Cadet training has always been taken seriously. Field-days were in fashion in the 1900's. In those days, until 1914, the Transvaal Cadets wore a slouch hat, stylishly cut khaki barathea-type tunic with silver buttons, green collar and three-pointed cuffs, riding breeches, the long puttee and a leather bandolier over the shoulder. Cadet camps were held frequently and, after the Great War, they continued until the late twenties. During that period, the Detachment sometimes went on manoeuvres with the Transvaal Scottish.

The success of the practical aspect of Cadet training at the school was made possible by the visiting Permanent Force Cadet Instructor, Sgt.-Maj. "Jock" Chalmers, DCM. His association with the Detachment (66th Detachment Union Cadets) began in 1911, and in 1926 on retiring from the Defence Force with the rank of captain, he joined the School Staff as Cadet and P.T. Instructor. Cadet training at the school was in his hands until his retirement in 1944. This man, who had won the DCM at Spioen Kop, during the South African War of 1899-1902, was the making of many a soldier - not only from his work in the cadet field, but also while he was P.F. Instructor to the Transvaal Scottish. Their debt of gratitude to "the greatest Jock of them all", as the R.S.M. of the Transvaal Scottish put it, spontaneously showed itself soon after his death, when a clock to his memory was presented to King Edward VII School. Contributions had come, not only from his comrades of the Transvaal Scottish, but from Old Edwardians belonging to Regimental Associations of all four provinces. In 1921, when the Transvaal Inter-School Efficiency Platoon Competition was instituted, the Efficiency Platoon of King Edward VII School won the competition for the first time. In 1930, when the school withdrew, it had carried away the Efficiency Shield for seven out of the ten years it had competed. On the other three occasions it was placed second. These successes were largely attributable to the patient training of Captain Chalmers. An Inter-Company Competition, which was based on the Transvaal Efficiency Platoon Competition, is still an annual feature of Cadets at King Edward's.

Today is an age of uncertainty in the field of Cadet training. Few Cadet officers who saw service in the Second World War remain. Some quarters feel that now, with the introduction of National Service, Cadets, at school, are redundant. Yet there is positively no substitute for the opportunities of leadership, responsibility and co-operation that Cadets gives the schoolboy. Cadet training conducted efficiently by the school concerned, can make all the difference to a trainee's adaptation to army life during his military training and, of course, can accelerate his promotion. Boys' schools which do not have, or do not support school Cadet detachments, can have no experience of the inestimable value of the Cadet training movement in the development of the character, of the independence, of the self-confidence and the loyalty to country, of the youth of the nation. The older schools which have maintained Cadet detachments, with their wide experience before, during, and after two world wars, are best equipped to bear testimony to this. It would indeed be a tragedy if the Cadet movement were to be discontinued.


King Edward VII School, Johannesburg

THE GREAT WAR 1914-1918

2/Lieut. George Auburn Allan Royal Garrison Artillery
Gunner John Basil Badham SAFA
Driver James Francis Bell SASCMT
Squadron-Commander Aylmer Fitzwarrine Bettington RNAS
Lieut. Edward John Blyth RFC
Lieut. Wilfred Ernest Hill Blyth RFC
Pte. Vincent Vivian Victor Cockcroft 1st SAI
Lieut. Richard Lester Coltman Coldstream Guards
Cpl. Edwin George Coombe 2nd SAI
Captain Rupert Ramsay Copeland, DSO, MC Royal Artillery
2/Lieut. Norman Vivian de Beer RFC
2/Lieut. Morris William Duirs King's Own Scottish Borderers
2/Lieut. Vivian Spence Edmunds RFC
Pte. Morris Feinberg 2nd SAI
Lieut. Vincent Reginald Robert Filmer Royal Scots Greys
2/Lieut. George William Fisher 4th Suffolk Regiment
Tpr. Harold Ross Frames Enslin's Horse
Lieut. Alan Cumming Fraser, MC 7th London Regiment
Gunner Charles Farness SAHA
Pte. Cyril Philip Geraghty 2nd SAI
Captain Edwin Tufnell Hayne, DSC, DFC RFC
Captain Eric Joseph Henderson, MC RFC
2/Lieut. Charles Henry Hilditch Royal Field Artillery
Captain Charles Percy Hill 1st North Staffordshire Regiment
Pte. Robert Bertram Lake Hirtzel 3rd SAI
Pte. Lawrence Joubert Hogan 2nd SAI
2/Lieut. Leslie Imroth 11th Hampshire Regiment
2/Lieut. Newton Tarring Johnson Royal Fusiliers
Captain William Joseph Johnstone 7th London Regiment
2/Lieut. Leslie Seymour Ross Jones RFC
Lieut. Bernard Herbert Kemp Suffolk Regiment
Lieut. Charles Sylvester Kernick Life Guards
Lieut. Reginald George Kernick 3rd SAI
Pte. George Pannell Leslie 3rd SAI
Pte. Stanley Watkins Lockyer RNVR
Pte. William Gordon Lomas 2nd SAI
2/Lieut. Jack Charles Lowenstein RFC
Lieut. Reginald Herbert Lownds RFC
Cpl. George Burwill Luck 2nd Mounted Brigade
Captain James Ivan Mackay RFC
Gunner James Hugh Walls Matches SAFA
Sergt. Patrick Charles Millar Honourable Artillery Company
Pte. George Douglas Mosses 4th SAI
Lieut. Francis Michael Myers, MC RFC
Pte. John Allen Parker-Quine 2nd SAI
Lieut. David Moir Paton RFC
Cpl. William Robert Colquhoun Pearson 3rd SAI
Staff-Sergt. Jack Aurthur Penny SASCMT
Lieut. James Prentice RFC
Pte. Benjamin Rabinson 1st Rhodesia Regiment
Cpl. John Henry Rainier SASCMT
Sapper James Reynard Reid Divisional Signalling Company
Pte. Frank Xenophon Rennie 7th SAI
Driver Norman Ross SASCMT
Sergt. Thomas Robert Landy Savory 2nd Rhodesia Regiment
Pte. Evelyn Curtis Cloete Smith 2nd SAI
2/Lieut. Walter Sondheim RFC
Lieut. Baron Starfield RFC
Pte. Norman Rhodes Sturgeon 3rd SAI
Driver Eric Bertram Thomas SASCMT
Air Mechanic Gordon Thompson RFC
Pte. Alfred Turner Imperial Light Horse
Cadet Jack Vallentine RFC
Pte. Ernest Lange van der Hoven 4th SAI
Driver Clifford John Wickee SASCMT
2/Lieut. Wifred Edwin Woolley Middlesex Regiment


Lieut. Eldred Leonard Bawden, MC Railways and Harbours Brigade

THE WORLD WAR 1939-1945

Lieut. George Eric Abbott SAAF
Air Observer Jan Leendert Achterberg SAAF
Lieut. Richard James Alexander SAAF
2/Lieut. Bryce Bothwell Amm SAAF
W.O. George Alexander Anderson SAEC
Pte. John Hall Brown Ayton 1st Transvaal Scottish
Lieut. Henry Graham Ballard SAAF
Lieut. Desmond Barton SAAF
Air Cpl. Robert Batty SAAF
Cpl. Duncan Bayliffe Rand Light Infantry
Lieut. Sydney Ivor Becker SAAF
Lieut. James Errol Begbie RAF
Pte. Oscar Dennis Beiles 1st Transvaal Scottish
Lieut. Eric Bestwick SAAF
2/Lieut. Arthur Nairne Blake SAAF
Lieut. Neville Clement Blake SAAF
Lieut. Robert Southey Bostock Fleet Air Arm
Lieut. Jeremiah Louis Ronald Hartley Brent SAAF
Trooper Henry James William Bridgewater Prince Alfred's Guard
Major Arthur Wellesley Briscoe, MC 1st Transvaal Scottish
Trooper Zane Brown 1st Royal Natal Carbineers
2/Lieut. Keith Jack Brunton Cape Town Highlanders
Pte. John Macdonald Bryant 1st Transvaal Scottish
Capt. Alfred George Macrae Budd SAAF
Lieut. Eric Haig Burr SAAF
Lieut. John Philip Carlisle SAAF
Lieut. Richard Saxon Carr SAAF
Sergt. Arthur Chapman Prince Alfred's Guard
Lieut. Patrick James Chapman SAAF
L/Cpl. Peter Christie 11th S.A. Armoured Brigade
Flying Officer Colin Antony Gordon Clark RAF
Sergt. Godfrey Frederick Roy Clayden 2nd Transvaal Scottish
Lieut. Geoffrey Aldred Collard SAAF
Pilot Officer William McGregor Cooper RAF
Lieut. Comdr. Edward Croghan RNVR
Pte. Archibald Bailey Cunningham 3rd Transvaal Scottish
Lieut. Paul Westerford Dallamore SAAF
Pilot Officer Arthur Howell Davies RAF
? Desmond Gronow Davis ?
Captain Roy Noel Day SAAF
Flt. Lieut. Robert Ogilvie Day, DFC RAF
Lieut. Philip Allen Denton SA Artillery
Pilot Officer Peter Ralph Grenfell Dexter, DFC RAF
Lieut. William Alan Maxfield Donald SAAF
2/Lieut. George Maxfield King Donaldson SAAF
Lieut. Robert Graham Donaldson SAAF
Pte. Rex Clifford Duke SA Irish
Flt. Lieut. Jeffrey Hugh Edwards RAF
Lieut. Alan Edward Farrow SAAF
Captain Peter John Ffytche-Hogg SAAF
Pupil Pilot Kenneth Andrew Fraser SAAF
W.O. Jocelyn Friendly, DFM RAF
Lieut. Edward William Bernard Fripp SAAF
Captain Dudley Vivian Furniss 3rd Transvaal Scottish
Pte. Ernest Vivian Gardner 2nd Transvaal Scottish
Captain David Coutts Gartly SAEC
Major John Devitt Elrick Gartly 3rd Transvaal Scottish
Sergt. Edmund Adrian Compton Gay-Roberts 54th Field Coy. EAE
Flt. Sergt. Michael Gerson SAAF
Pte. Ronald Gillman 2nd Transvaal Scottish
Lieut. Jeffrey William Gishford SAAF
Cpl. Harry Goldberg SA Corps of Signals
Lieut. Stephen Goldfoot SAAF
Squadron Ldr. Robert Merton Graham RAF
Air Sergt. Ronald Grant SAAF
Pilot Officer Albert Aaron Greenberg RAF
2/Lieut. Norman Fitzgerald Guiney SAAF
Signaller Theodore Guinsberg SA Corps of Signals
Pte. Graham Hall SA Tank Corps
2/Lieut. Raymond Amyas John Hardwick SAAF
Lieut. Colin Ainslie Harris SAAF
Wing Comdr. Frazer Apsley Harte, DFC RAF
W.O. Frank Edgar Hatfield SAAF
Pilot Officer Richard Haviland Haviland RAF
Air Sergt. Horace Nathaniel Voss Hawke SAAF
Captain Leopold Heilbronner SA Intelligence Corps
Sergt. Pilot Denis Arnold Helcke RAF
Lieut. Robert Taverner Hildick SAAF
Pupil Pilot Cedric Alan Hinton SAAF
Lieut. John Aitken Hoffe SAAF
Lieut. George Suttie Hogg SAAF
Lieut. Charles John Hudson Witwatersrand Rifles/
De la Rey Regiment
Cpl. Henry George Finch Humphrey SA Irish
Pte. William Irvine 1st Transvaal Scottish
Sapper Harold Edgar Jackson Royal Engineers
Lieut. Rowan Edgar Jackson SAAF
Lieut. Brian Desmond Jenkins SAAF
2/Lieut. Guildford Clarence Ralph Jenkins SAAF
Pte. Roderick Douglas Jenner SA Irish
Captain Eric James Jennings SAAF
Lieut. Charles Ferdinand Kallenbach SAAF
Lieut. Francis Desmond Kane SAAF
Pilot Officer Thomas Keightley-Smith RAF
Flying Officer Hector Keil RAF
W.O. Louis Keil SAAF
L/Bdr. Norman Laidlaw Kerr SA Artillery
Lieut. David James Smith Whittaker King SAAF
Pte. Lionel Fordyce King Rand Light Infantry
Lce. Cpl. Eric John Knight Rand Light Infantry
Cpl. Otto Archibald Koll Royal Army Service Corps
Flying Officer Max Kotkin RAF
Lieut. Arthur Beaumont Chudleigh Langton SAAF
Lieut. Douglas Hamilton Larter SAAF
Pilot Officer Norman Leonard Lewis RAF
Lieut. James Arthur Lithgow, DFC SAAF
Cpl. Arthur Leslie Dudley Lorch SA Artillery
Lieut. William Gordon Low Royal Fusiliers
Major Garth Whitton Lucas SAAF
Lieut. Donald Ewen Macdonald SAAF
Cpl. Arthur Bernard Maurice Maile Royal Natal Carbineers
Lieut. Guy Vincent Marks SAAF
Pte. Warwick Richard Marlin SA Irish
C.Q.M.S. Kenneth Richard Marshall Rand Light Infantry
Lieut. Rex Distin Martienssen SAAF
Pilot Officer Dennis Stanley Masur RCAF
2/Lieut. Charles William McGregor SAAF
Lieut. Patrick Alexander Wilson McKie SAAF
Flt. Lieut. Brian John McMaster, DSC RAF
Lieut. Harold Sinclair McMaster SAAF
Cpl. Ian McDonald McPhee SAEC
Lieut. Alexander Morris Medalie SAAF
Captain Wilbur Edgar Middleton SAEC
Lieut. Allister Mackintosh Miller, DFC (U.S.A.) SAAF
Cpl. Gordon Frederick Mills 6th Armoured Regiment
Lieut. William Patrick Moore SAAF
Lieut. Robert Terence Edmund Morrison SAAF
Bomb. Douglas Hamilton Mullens Anti-tank Regiment
Lieut. Gavin Christo Murray SAAF
Major Thomas Patrick Loraine Murray, DFC SAAF
Pupil Pilot. Douglas Alistair Nelson SAAF
Gunner Johannes Adriaan Neser SA Artillery
Lieut. Eric Tom Newby SAAF
Captain Gerald Hope John Nicholson SAAF
Lieut. Burton Haig Nicol SAAF
Lce. Bomb. Thomas Ivan North SA Artillery
Lieut. Dorrien le Tall Norton SAAF
Lieut. Hugh William Nottingham SAAF
Major Terence Patrick Reginald John O'Brien 7th Gurkha Rifles
2/Lieut. David Weir Orchison SAAF
Sergt. Air-gnr. Leslie Orlek SAAF
Lieut. Harold McGregor Palmer SAAF
Sergt. Pilot Richard Henry Dampier Palmer RAF
Captain Douglas Dolley Pannell SAAF
Air Pupil Reginald Charles Henry Papenfus SAAF
Lieut. Richard Walter Passmore SAAF
Major Rupert Maliss Perkins SAAF
Sergt. Air-gnr. John Ewart Phelps SAAF
Gunner Thomas Rodney Phillips SA Artillery
Flying Officer William Arthur Charles Phillips RAF
Tpr. Henry Neville Powell 1st City/CTH
Captain Frank Ribbink SAAF
Air-Gnr. Thomas Robert Frederick Rose-Price SAAF
Pilot Officer Harold Rosofsky RAF
Lieut. Kenneth Harold Salmond SA Artillery
Captain Claude Charles Justin Scott 7th Rajput Regiment
Major Samuel Barr Ferguson Scott SAAF
Cpl. Thomas Alexander Ferguson Scott SAEC
Pilot Officer George Guy Sharp RAF
Squadron Ldr. Harold Wentworth Aylward Sheahan, DFC RAF
Pte. Robert George Silson 1st Transvaal Scottish
Lieut. Hector Ian Simson 2nd Transvaal Scottish
Lieut. Desmond Smith SAAF
Lieut. Dudley Edward Smith, DCM Natal Mounted Rifles
2/Lieut. Eric Richard Smyth SAAF
Lieut. Joscelyn Tudor Albert Steele SAAF
Lieut. Robert Rervers Wreford Sutton SAAF
? Neville Haig Tayler ?
Lieut. Aage Macdonald Thomsen SAAF
Pte. Ronald Hyman Tren Imperial Light Horse
Sergt. Herbert Wilman Truter SAMC
Lieut. Wilfred Jeffrey Vine SAAF
Sergt. John Dulford Walrond 16th Australian Infantry
Cpl. Douglas James Watson 3rd Transvaal Scottish
Captain Denys Stuart Waugh SAAF
Pte. John Brian Whitaker 1st Transvaal Scottish
Lieut. John Brunton White SAAF
Sergt.-Maj. Victor James White 7th Recce. Bn.

KOREA 1950-1953

2/Lieut. David Lacey Taylor SAAF

EDITOR'S NOTE: It will be noted that rank and regiment are not shown against D. G. Davis and N. H. Tayler. Information in this regard would be welcomed from readers.

REDAKTEURSNOTA: Daar sal opgelet word dat rang en regiment nie gewys word teenoor D. G. Davis en N. H. Tayler nie. Informasie in hierdie verband sal verwelkom word van lesers.

Addendum: November 2006


  Weyers Ivor Botha  
  Daniel de Klerk  
  Robert James Fraser  
  Mark Mason  
  Timothy James Oliver  
  Howard D'arcy Remington  
  John Alan Robinson  
  Gregory Grant Swaine  
  Steven Warwick Watts  

Since the advent of democratic government in 1994 cadets no longer exist at South African schools, however the Memorial Service remains an important event on the School Calendar.
The Grade 11 learners are allowed to participate and practice for months before the Service of Remembrance which is held in the Quadrangle on the Sunday morning closest to 11 November each year.

The following photographic record was compiled by MJC Marsh on 11 November 2007:

Guard of Honour enters the quadrangle ....... followed by the Pipe Band.

Guard of Honour in place behind Cenotaph in quadrangle. Close-up of Flag and officers.

A pigeon alights on the top of the Cenotaph watched by the crowd in the gallery.

The service includes the school choir leading the hymns.

The Headmaster, Mr M Fennell, reading the Roll of Honour.

The Head Boy, D Rimmer, laying a wreath on behalf of the boys.

Wreath-laying on behalf of the Transvaal Scottish.

The reading of the Roll of Honour continues as more wreaths are placed in memory of the fallen.

The ceremony completed, the guard of honour marches out of the quadrangle.

The floral tribute for 2007.

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